Dholavira is a Harappan-era city in Gujarat. It has been conferred the tag of UNESCO World Heritage Site.
It is one of the five largest cities of the Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC).
Dholavira is located about 250 km from Bhuj of Gujarat. It has two seasonal streams, Mansar and Manhar.
It comprises two parts, a walled city and a cemetery to its west, as per government release. Dholavira flourished for nearly 1,500 years.
Dholavira in Gujarat is sprawled over 100 hectares on Khadir, one of the islands in the Rann of Kutch. Furthermore, this is the second site to be included in the world heritage list in July after the Ramappa Temple at Palampet in Telangana’s Warangal.
Both Dholavira and the Ramappa Temple were included in the list during the 44th session of the UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee.
There are 40 world heritage properties in India which also include 32 cultural, seven natural and one mixed property.
Along with India, countries like Italy, Spain, Germany, China and France also have 40 such sites each.
Dholavira remains an exceptional example of a proto-historic Bronze Age urban settlement belonging to the Harappan Civilization. Moreover, it bears evidence of a multi-cultural and stratified society during the 3rd and 2nd millennia BCE.