Makar Sankranti is the harvest festival of India. The auspicious day marks the end of winters and the arrival of longer days. It is the day when sun moves northward. This period has another name Uttarayan.
Uttarayan or Makar Sankranti is also a religious and seasonal celebration honouring Lord Surya, the sun.
The festival commemorates the sun’s arrival in Makara Rashi (Capricorn).
This year 2022, the auspicious day falls on January 14 during the Magh Krishna Paksha Dwitiya tithi. Makar Sankranti follows the solar calendar. On this joyous day, people send wishes to their friends and loved ones.
Makar Sankranti or Sankranti is about worshipping and thanking the Sun God. It marks the beginning of the harvest season when people worship new crops and share them with delight.
Moreover, the timings for Makar Sankranti Punya Kala are from 02:43 pm to 05:45 pm. However, from last two years, Covid-19 has dulled all the celebrations.
Makar Sankranti Timings
The duration is 3 hours and 2 Minutes. The Maha Punya Kala timings are from 02:43 pm to 04:28 pm.
On the day of Uttarayan, it is believed that taking a bath in the Ganges is auspicious. Devotees also pay tribute to the Sun God and express gratitude towards him for warmth and energy.
It is widely believed that Sankranti was a deity who killed a demon called Sankarasur.
And on the following day of Uttarayan, called Karidin or Kinkrant, the Devi killed the villain Kinkarasur.
In most of the regions, the Uttarayan festivities last for two to four days.
Devotees on this day perform give alms to the needy, fly kites, make sweets with sesame and jaggery, worship livestock among others.
Also, Khichdi is fondly consumed during Makar Sankranti, especially in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Jharkhand.