NFHS survey indicates more women than men in India for the first time

NFHS survey indicates more women than men in India for the first time

The findings of the fifth round of the National Family and Health Survey (NFHS) released by the Union health ministry show India now has 1,020 women for every 1000 men.

It means that for the first time India has more women than men.

The numbers from the survey indicate India can no longer be called a country of missing women. It was a phrase first used by economist Amartya Sen in a 1990 essay.

This is because then there were 927 women per 1,000 men in India. As per NFHS-3, conducted in 2005-06, the ratio was equal, 1000: 1000. But it went down to 991:1000 in 2015-16 in NFHS-4.

It is worth mentioning here that this is the first time that a Census shows sex ratio skewed in favour of women.

But whether these numbers can be applied to the larger population can only be said with certainty when the next national census comes.

There has been improvement in the sex ratio and sex ratio at birth as well.

Yet, looking at these results one see the results of women empowerment.

The gender ratio at birth for children born in the last five years is still 929. This means that son-preference still exists. And the sex ratio is an important milestone achieved on the back of policies to stop female infanticide.

The average life expectancy at birth for men and women was 66.4 years and 69.6 years respectively in 2010-14.
This is as per the data from the Census of India website. Moreover, the government is yet to release the full database of NFHS-5.

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