COVID-19 India FAQs: What is Black Fungus, How It Spreads, and More

COVID-19 India FAQs: What is Black Fungus, How It Spreads, and More
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As the second wave of COVID-19 keeps on seething across India, few parts of the nation have begun witnessing the resurgence of COVID-19-prompted “black fungus” cases.

This contagious contamination, which made numerous patients lose their eyesight last year, has arisen in a few hospitals in Delhi and Gujarat this week.

Disregarding its commonness since the start of the pandemic, questions actually wait over the idea of this contagious contamination.
Here are a few responses to those questions and other often posed inquiries:

What is Black Fungus?

Black Fungus is a serious but rare fungal infection caused by a group of molds that live in the environment called mucormycetes.

Mucormycosis mainly affects people who have health problems or take medicines that lower the body’s ability to fight germs and sickness. The disease can be fatal.

Who are in the risk to be affected?

Generally, individuals with low immunity are particularly vulnerable to this fungal infection. In fact, it has been a cause of disease and death for transplant and ICU patients for a long time.

Currently, the infection is especially affecting COVID-19 patients with weakened immunity and high blood sugar. COVID-positive individuals with added comorbidities like diabetes, cancer, and kidney or heart failure, along with COVID patients that are being treated using steroids, also feature on the list of rapidly rising black fungus cases of late.

How do the infection spread?

Individuals contract this infection by coming in contact with the fungal spores in their environment. If inhaled, the spores can infect the lungs or sinus. If the fungus enters the skin through a cut, scrape, burn, or other types of skin trauma, mucormycosis can also develop on the skin.

The infection can subsequently spread to the bloodstream, and reach organs like the brain, heart and spleen as well.
Mucormycosis is not contagious, and therefore, it cannot transmit between people and animals.

Whar are the symptons?

  • Face numbness
  • Nose obstructions on one side
  • Swelling in the eyes or pain
  • For pulmonary (lung) mucormycosis the symptoms may include fever, cough, chest pain and shortness of breath.

How the Black fungus can be treated?

This infection can be treated via intravenous (IV) medication or through a surgery. The mortality rate of this infection is extremely high, almost between 30 per cent to 70 per cent.

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