World AIDS Day 2020: Date, theme, history and significance – know all about it

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World AIDS Day 2020: Observed on December 1, World AIDS Day is the day to show support for people with HIV and for the ones who have lost their lives due to AIDS. The theme for World AIDS Day 2020 is “Global Solidarity, Shared Responsibility”. World AIDS Day was marked for the first time in 1988 and it was also the first-ever international day for global health.

“Health is a human right. Health must be a top investment priority to achieve universal health coverage. On this World AIDS Day let us recognise that, to overcome COVID-19 and end AIDS, the world must stand in solidarity and share responsibility,” said António Guterres, the Secretary General of the United Nations, in his message on World AIDS Day 2020.

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic disease that is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The immune system of the person who is suffering from the disease gets damaged and also reduces the disease fighting ability of the body.

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes the Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a chronic disease. The immune system of the person with the disease gets damaged and the body’s ability to fight the disease also reduces.

There are many reasons through which a person can get affected by AIDS. Here’s a look at some of them:

1. The disease can be contracted through body fluids such as blood, semen, pre-seminal fluid, vaginal and rectal fluids, and breast milk from an infected woman.

2. Unprotected sex with a person who is infected can also pass on the deadly disease to another person.

3. Sharing injection needles, razor blades, knives and other things with an infected person can also cause the disease to contract.

There are certain symptoms of the disease that one should be aware of. These include:

1. Fever

2. Sore Throat

3. Skin rashes

4. Nausea

5. Body aches

6. Headaches

7. Stomach infection etc

The disease is not completely curable, but certain protective measures must be taken on a daily basis to avoid contracting the disease.

Preventive measures against HIV / AIDS include using protection during sexual intercourse, avoid sharing needles, blades etc with other people and building good body immunity.