World Health Day is a global health awareness day celebrated every year on 7 April, under the sponsorship of the World Health Organization (WHO). This year, the theme is ‘Building a fairer, healthier world for everyone’ with an aim to create awareness about the social inequalities people have faced during COVID-19, especially in healthcare and making a change.
WHO’s main goal is to make healthcare accessible to different regions of the world. It was in 1950 that the first World Health Day was celebrated. Since 1950, WHO through World Health Day has shed light important health issues such as mental health, maternal and child care, and climate change.
The day serves as an opportunity to focus worldwide attention on such important aspects of global health. Every year the World Health Day has a specific theme it focuses on. WHO chose the year 2020 as the “Year of the Nurse and Midwife” to honour the 200th birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale.
The 21st century has seen rapid economic growth and urbanization in most part of the world. Unfortunately, the COVID-19 pandemic put us back a few steps. There has been a marginal decline in health gains, pushing more people into poverty and food insecurity. It has also become a cause of further amplifying gender, social and health inequities. Hence, the theme for this year’s World Health Day is ‘Building a fairer, healthier world for everyone’.
This World Health Day, WHO is calling for action to eliminate health inequities, as part of a year-long global campaign to bring people together to build a fairer, healthier world. The campaign highlights WHO’s a constitutional principle that “the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition.”