Monkeypox: Common symptoms and treatment of this deadly infection

Monkeypox: Common symptoms and treatment of this deadly infection

Monkeypox is a zoonotic (transmitted from animals to humans) disease, most commonly occurring in Africa currently. The World Health Organization (WHO) claims monkeypox is a virus similar to that of smallpox, but milder. However, it has proven to be fatal with a mortality rate between 1-10%, crunched in the younger age group.

The first case of monkeypox in 39 years was identified in Nigeria in 2017. Since then, the cases come up sporadically in Nigeria. Additionally, North Wales and UK reported 2 cases of monkey pox in the same hosehold. These are the 5th and 6th cases of the virus in the UK.

Transmission

Monkeypox infection usually occurs after direct contact with the blood, bodily fluids, or skin lesions of an infected animal. Handling infected monkeys or eating the meat of an infected animal is a huge risk.

Human to human transmission can result from close bodily contact with an infected person or items recentlt contaminated by the patient. Transmission can also occur via the placenta, known as congenital monkeypox.

Symptoms of monkeypox

According to CDC, the symptoms of monkeypox may include fever, headaches, muscle pain and lethargy after 12 days of contracting the virus.

The body usually starts developing rashes after 3 days of contact, which can be extremely itchy. They go through a process of healing, forming a scab and falling off. The lesions may lead to scars where the rashes were.

The illness and most of the symptoms last upto 2 to 4 weeks and reduce by themselves.

Treatment

The CDC has stated that currently there is no specific cure for the virus. However, it can be controlled by smallpox vaccine cidofovir, ST-246, and vaccinia immune globulin (VIG).

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