IIT Guwahati researchers explain how and why stars die

Scientists at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Guwahati have found the long-standing question of how stars die. The researchers have also come up with their explanation of how to understand the death of massive stars and why they die eventually.

The research has been published in journal Physical Review Letters (PRL) and was conducted in collaboration with Max Planck Institute for Physics, Munich, Germany, and Northwestern University, USA.
It is a supernova that is considered to be the cradle of birth for new stars and the synthesis of heavy elements in nature. When a massive star dies, it explodes resulting in an immense shock wave that causes the star to explode. It also outshines other stars in the host galaxy.

“The study of supernovae and the particles they release helps us understand the universe because almost all matter that makes up the universe is a result of these massive explosions. However, the mechanism of these super explosions is not yet completely solved and has remained one of the enigmas of nature,” said Sovan Chakraborty, Assistant Professor, Department of Physics, IIT Guwahati.

According to scientists, some of the biggest answers come from the smallest of particles called neutrinos. As neutrinos are created in several of the particle processes. These are considered to bring a large chunk of information from the deepest interior of the star.