According to the reports, the first crewed mission on Mars needs to stay a long time on the surface for their plans.
The crew members need to stay on the red planet until the planets come in a position favorable for the return journey. For it, they will need a huge amount of rocket fuel.
A total of 7 tonnes of rocket fuel and 25 tonnes of oxygen is required for taking four astronauts from the surface of the Red Planet into orbit.
Martian Atmosphere is less dense than the Earth. It contains a huge amount of carbon dioxide that includes one carbon and two oxygen atoms. With the help of the equipment and power, the available carbon dioxide could be converted into Oxygen.
The Perseverance rover has been equipped with the instrument called MOXIE to explore this possibility.
“MOXIE isn’t just the first instrument to produce oxygen on another world,” Trudy Kortes, the director of technology demonstrations within STMD, said.
“It’s taking regolith, the substance you find on the ground, and putting it through a processing plant, making it into a large structure, or taking carbon dioxide – the bulk of the atmosphere – and converting it into oxygen. This process allows us to convert these abundant materials into usable things: propellant, breathable air, or, combined with hydrogen, water,” he added.