The Sun released of two magnetic filaments from its southern hemisphere during the start of the new year. The eruptions occurred on January 2 and triggered a burst of energy that could hit Earth. NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory filmed solar particles that can be seen being sprinkling into deep space.
The video shows a brief explosion around the six-second mark, followed by another at 11 seconds.
Experts discovered that a build-up of magnetic filament deep within the Sun’s core gave birth to the flares.
After building up enough, the filaments released a coronal mass ejection (CME) into the solar system.
The particles are flying through the solar system and could even hit Earth in the coming days, according to the astronomical website Space Weather
The website said: “On January 2, 2021, two dark filaments of magnetism erupted in the sun’s southern hemisphere.
“This movie from NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory captures them both.
“The double eruption hurled a closely-spaced pair of CMEs toward Earth. The first CME was slow-moving, the second was faster.
“This could cause the two CMEs to pile one on top of the other, intensifying their impact. NOAA forecast models suggest an arrival at Earth on January 6.”
In case it hits Earth, it could activate auroras – either Northern Lights (Aurora Borealis) or Southern Lights (Aurora Australis).
Auroras, which include the Northern Lights and Southern Lights (Aurora Australis), form when particles from the sun hit the atmosphere.
When solar winds bombard the magnetosphere, startling blue lights can appear as this layer of atmosphere deflects particles.
However, researchers also observed that the consequences of a solar storm and space weather can extend beyond the Northern Lights or Southern Lights.
The Earth’s magnetic field largely protects humans from the radiation emanating from sunspots. However, solar storms can affect satellite-based technology.
Solar winds can heat and expand Earth’s outer atmosphere.
This can affect satellites in orbit and potentially lead to a lack of GPS navigation, cell phone signal, and satellite television.
Additionally, high currents in the magnetosphere can be created due to a surge of particles. This can cause more electricity than normal to flow into power lines, causing blowouts in electrical transformers and power plants, and loss of power.
Such an event occurs rarely. The most devastating solar storm for technology occurred in 1859, when the surge in electricity during today’s Carrington event was so strong that telegraph systems across Europe failed.
According to reports, electrical surge also caused some buildings to catch fire.