The Nobel Prize for medicine goes to Swedish geneticist Svante Pääbo in 2022. His work toward the discoveries concerning the genomes of extinct hominins and human evolution made him take the Nobel Prize in medicine.
This award is considered the most prestigious prize in the field of science. It is awarded by the Nobel Assembly of Sweden’s Karolinska Institute. The winner takes home 10 million Swedish crowns ($900,357).
Moreover, the Hominini form a taxonomic tribe of the subfamily Homininae.
Nobel Prize in medicine
The Nobel Prize committee announced the prize for his pioneering research. Svante Pääbo helped sequence the genome of the Neanderthal, an extinct relative of present-day humans.(INDIAN GIRL SELECTED FOR NASA)
Findings by Svante Pääbo:
-Gene transfer occurred from these now extinct hominins to Homo sapiens.
-This happened after the migration out of Africa around 70,000 years ago.
-Furthermore, this ancient flow of genes to today’s humans has physiological relevance.
Svante Pääbo made the sensational discovery of a previously unknown hominin, Denisova.
Svante Pääbo’s research highlighted an entirely new scientific discipline, called paleogenomics.
These genetic differences will also distinguish all living humans from extinct hominins. The Nobel Prize in medicine holds even more importance with the Covid-19 pandemic in the world.